Oh, how delicious the first spring cucumbers are! Unfortunately, for some reason, not all lovers of spring salatik know how to grow cucumbers without a greenhouse and a greenhouse at the very beginning of summer. Before embarking on this case, it is advisable to study a little theory. At least imagine what they love and what they do not like cucumbers.
So, almost all varieties of cucumbers prefer fertile, humus-rich, neutral or slightly acidic (pH 5-6), rather warm (from 15-16 ° C) and moist (80-85%) soil. Similar requirements for air: high humidity (85-90%) and temperature from 20 ° С.
But they do not like cucumbers very much. They do not like poor, dense, acidic soil. They are chilly from watering with water with a temperature below 20 ° С, abrupt changes of day and night temperatures, drafts, and cold nights with temperatures below 12-16 ° С. During the day, they do not like temperatures above 32 ° C, at which the development of plants stops. If the thermometer shows 36-38 ° C, then pollination will also stop. Lowering the air temperature to 3-4 ° C for one and a half or two weeks leads not only to cessation of growth, but also to a strong weakening of the plants, due to which the development of diseases is possible. Like all pumpkin plants, cucumbers have a weak root system with a low regeneration rate. Therefore, any weeding causes a slowdown in development, transplants for them are simply undesirable.
Siberian method of growing cucumbers
Garden is prepared in the autumn. A small trench 30-40 cm wide at a depth of 30 cm is dug.
The length depends on the capabilities and needs of the host at the rate of 30 cm per cucumber. We are preparing a bucket of good fertile land for seedlings. Around mid-April, we soak the seeds and cook the ground in sour cream cups. Dates of the beginning of this work are individual for each region. For easy carrying, it is nice to place cups in boxes for vegetables. Such boxes are not deficient in stalls and food stores.
Hatching seeds are planted one by one in cups and regularly poured with warm water. It is advisable to take the seedlings to fresh air every day, to the sunny side for quenching.
When it will already be possible to walk around the garden, we will line the bottom in polyethylene prepared from autumn. Then on top of the whole bed also tightly covered with plastic wrap, so that the earth warms better and faster. In sunny weather, this happens pretty quickly. Now you need to remove the film and fill the bed with humus mixed with dry leaves or grass, trample well, pour with warm water and cover again with polyethylene.
The use of heat storage devices during this period gives a very good effect. They can be filled with water dark plastic bottles from beer and juice, which are evenly laid out along the length of the bed. In sunny weather, they warm up quickly and well, giving up the accumulated heat at night.Attention! Light bottles do not give such a result.
When the weather is favorable for the development of plants (that cucumbers love is written above), fill the trench with earth and proceed to planting the seedlings. To do this, we water the ground in cups well, compress and gently extract a clod of earth with the roots of the plant. Plant cucumber in the hole, trying not to damage the roots. Carefully water the beds, mulch it with humus and last year’s leaves.
There is another transplant method. Plants in cups do not water for several days. When the earth dries, it goes out easily without damaging the roots. Plant such a dried up lump of soil should be in a well-watered hole.
The dark water bottles lying before in the garden are set vertically and covered with film. The bottom of the plant heats the exfoliating foliage, from above the temperature fluctuations are smoothed by water bottles. Upon reaching steady daytime temperatures of 18–20 degrees and the absence of the threat of freezing, plastic wrap can be removed. Watering cucumbers should be kept only with warm water. With more or less stable weather, this bed can please the owner with the first cucumbers at the very beginning of summer.
Another way to grow cucumbers without using seedlings
This will require:
- plastic bucket with a volume of 3-8 liters;
- ordinary spiral from the hot plate;
- 4 screws 15–20 mm long with a diameter of 4 mm;
- 16 pucks;
- 8 nuts.
We cut the spiral into three equal parts, drill holes for the screws, and then fix the segments of the helix as shown in the photo. Then we pour the bottom of the bucket above the spiral for at least 1 cm with plaster mixed with the thickness of sour cream. cm (the larger the bucket, the more peat you can put). Fill the bucket with earth, not reaching 1-2 cm to the edge.
We divide the surface of the earth in a bucket into 4 sectors, in each we make a depression under the seeds, where you can add fertilizer.
Some gardeners argue that it is better to sprout seeds laid on the edge.
Over the places where the seeds are planted, put plastic cups. Select a place for the bucket not far from the window and turn on the heating. By means of a temperature regulator we establish soil temperature no more than 20 degrees.
After the plants become cramped in plastic cups, we strengthen the stick in the center of the bucket, fix the shoots on it and cover it with a film on top. Under favorable conditions, we take out a bucket of plants on the street, without turning off the heating. From the emergence of seedlings to the first cucumbers in most varieties, it takes about a month and a half. Having planted the seeds for cultivation in mid-April, in early June it will already be possible to taste the fruits of their labors!