The varieties of beans are divided into several types: bush, half and curly. Most often in garden beds and farmers' fields you can find bush beans, the height of plants that does not exceed 60-70 cm. Such varieties are very fruitful, endure cold and begin to bear fruit before the others. However, low bushes often become prey to pests, mostly beans threaten slugs, which spoil not only the stems and leaves, but also the pods with fruits.
A worthy alternative to spray beans are curly species of this legume plant. Long creepers, entwining fences, wicker, arbors and trees will become a real decoration of the garden or vegetable garden, and you can gather enough fruits from each bush that is enough for the whole family.
This article is about varieties of curly edible beans, because breeders have deduced many varieties of this crop, the fruits of which have no nutritional value, but play only a decorative role. Whereas beans and pods of edible varieties have the same taste and nutritional qualities as the beans harvested from the undersized bush.
Features and varieties of spray beans
The length of the lashes of bush varieties of beans can reach five meters. These lianas wither fence, let them on the walls of houses, outbuildings, gazebos and pergolas. But it can be limited to ordinary props with a slingshot at the end, the height of such supports should be about two meters.
The peculiarities of the cultivation of bush varieties include:
- The need for tying up plants.
- The beans love the heat, so it is sown in the ground in late May or early June, when the threat of frost disappears.
- The vegetative period of legumes ranges from 60 to 90 days, depending on the variety. Curly beans can be harvested until the autumn frosts, as the fruiting period of this culture is stretched.
- The possibility of planting a climbing bush near fruit or garden trees. Such a neighborhood does not harm even the very young trees, because the roots of beans, as you know, release nitrogen into the ground, which most plants need for normal development.
- Creating shade with bean bushes.
- Tall plants do not like drafts and winds that can break their whips. Therefore, planting curly bushes is necessary in places protected from strong winds.
Depending on the type of beans used in food, varieties of this crop are divided into:
Asparagus beans are eaten together with the pods. These varieties are also called sugar. The boll of these beans is soft, without rigid parchment partitions between the grains. Harvested beans are not ripe, when the pods are still soft and soft. After full ripening, the beans inside the pod become the same as in the grain varieties, but smaller.
Semi-sugar varieties in their unripe form have tender pods. But it is worthwhile to lose a little of the beans and not to pick up the asparagus in time, as the seed pods will become as tough as the grain varieties. In this case, the beans can be eaten just like regular beans.
Grain varieties are also called shelling because the pods are shelling in order to extract ripe beans from them. Such beans are used in boiled form, and you need to cook the fruit for a long time, at least two hours.
On climbing bushes, you can grow any of the three types of beans: pods and beans grow well here. It remains only to choose a good variety of fruiting vines.
Curly bush purple: this bean surprises with purple pods, the same beans and even leaves. The shrub blossoms also in dark purple. It is better to grow "Blaukhilda" in a warm climate, for central Russia it is better to choose a seedling method or plant beans in a heifer. The ripening period ranges from 90 to 110 days, so the beans may simply not ripen in a short summer.
Shrubs begin to bloom very quickly, their flowering continues until the autumn cold. Therefore, there are always fresh pods on the bean bushes - it bears fruit all season.
The variety is considered asparagus, the length of the pods reaches 23 cm. When fresh, the pods are purple in color, but after boiling they turn green. If not harvested in time, asparagus can get a little stiff. In this case, you can eat the beans themselves, because they are also very tasty - large, oily, beige.
The basis for the “Blaukhilda” must be solid, because the bushes reach a length of three to four meters, have quite powerful shoots with a lot of fruits. This plant will be an excellent decoration of the garden and vegetable garden.
This variety is also called fire-red beans. Bushes of this bean look very impressive: thin lashes, up to four meters long with a lot of small bright scarlet flowers.
In Russia, this variety is more common than others, because it is very unpretentious. The only thing that the “Winner” fears is frost, even with small frosts the plant dies.
The beans are used as food for these beans, they are painted in a light purple hue with black specks. There are several varieties of variety, they all bloom in different shades and have different color beans.
You can eat the pods of bean varieties "Winner". But before that, they must, like beans, be boiled. The fact is that the beans contain toxins, and when cooked, they are quickly neutralized.
The taste of the beans is average, so most often it is grown for decorative purposes.
This curly shrub is not very high - its height reaches a maximum of 150 cm. The plant is decorated with large dark purple flowers. Fruits of a grade - pods, up to 15 cm long, the form of which reminds a tube.
Variety refers to the early ripening, asparagus can be eaten already on the 55-60th day after sowing the seeds of beans in the soil. Beans are also eaten, they are painted white, have excellent taste.
From the variety "Blaukhilda" "Purple Lady" is more graceful shoots and higher yields.
The variety is considered semi-sugar - you can eat asparagus and beans. Beans begin to bear fruit on the 65th day after planting, fructification continues until the first frost.
Gardeners love “Harmony” for its unpretentiousness, good germination and stable yield. The pods of the bean are golden in color, you can eat them and the beans themselves, which are painted white.
300-500 grams of beans are harvested from each bush. The weight of the lashes is large enough, so the vines must be tied up on reliable supports, because their length reaches four meters.
This variety is unique beans - their size is five to six times the average size of beans. The variety belongs to the shelling, differs also excellent taste of the fruit, which have a very delicate and thin skin.
The pods of this beans do not eat - they are too hard. But beans can be added to borscht, lobio, canned or stewed - they have a unique, very delicate taste.
In each pod of green color, the length of which does not exceed 14 cm, there are only 3-5 beans. Fruiting of the variety begins not very early - on the 70th day after sowing seeds into the soil.
The decorative qualities of the vines are also at a height - the length of the lashes is about four meters, the bushes are powerful and strong. The beans are blooming with white flowers that the bush is literally littered with.
The fiery color of the inflorescences, the delicious asparagus and the powerful climbing liana made the Italian variety one of the most popular in Russia. At the beginning of the growing season, the bean pods are painted in a green shade, measuring about 14 cm, oblate. After some time a beautiful marble pattern appears on the pods, they become variegated. Each box contains four beans. It is better to collect grains in unripe form, they are more tender, they boil soft, they have a slightly nutty flavor. After full maturity, a spotted pattern also appears on the white beans.
Eating "Berlotto" is recommended as long as the grains are colored a uniform green. It is possible to collect fruits in 60 days after disembarkation. Even earlier, you can eat the pods of this curling beans - they are tasty in an unripe condition, until the green color turns to spotty.
This Asian beauty is quite whimsical and capricious, but the bushes of this plant can become an ornament to any site. Beans belong to the asparagus subspecies, has a very high yield.
The length of the average pod "Vigny" reaches one meter. Curly bushes reach three meters in height. The plant blooms only at night, the flowers are painted in a purple hue. During the day, the flowers are closed, and their color is changed to yellow-brown.
About 200 pods can be harvested from each bean bush. You can eat asparagus and the beans themselves, which are painted white. It is easy to find out the fruits of “Vigna” by the dark speck on the side of the bean.
This beans belong to the asparagus varieties, its pods reach a length of 25 cm, are painted in a yellow-golden color. The variety is considered early ripe, the fruits ripen on the 60th day after planting.
It is necessary to eat unripe pods and beans of “Golden Nectar” until they become too rigid.
In India, the fruits of this variety, which is a type of Wigna, are eaten and considered a delicacy. Whereas in Russia this beans are grown for decorative purposes only. True, some gardeners feed beans to livestock or use as a green manure.
Depending on the variety, Dolichos creepers can be purple, red or green. In the height of the whip reach four meters. Bean inflorescences are not only beautiful, they exude a delicate, pleasant aroma.
The pods adorn the vines until the first autumn frosts, they are painted in different shades, like the flowers of “Dolichos” - it depends on the type of beans.
Not only beans need special treatment before eating. After all, everyone knows that it is necessary to soak the beans for a long time in cold water, and only then cook for 1.5-2 hours.
Pods of asparagus varieties also need to be able to cook. Cook them quite a bit - just a couple of minutes. And if asparagus is frozen, it is necessarily blanched. For a few seconds, the pods pour boiling water, abruptly replacing it with icy water. This tactic helps to preserve all the nutritional properties of asparagus, “clog up” useful vitamins and trace elements.
Curly beans can be not only decoration - it is a great way to get a high yield of beans or asparagus with excellent taste from a modest piece of land.