In our country, the breeding of goats - this is something frivolous. Immediately, an old woman appears in a white kerchief, in which there is one milk goat and a couple of kids. In other parts of the world, they are doing this seriously, breeding new breeds of goats, whose characteristics are much better than ordinary purebred animals.
Boer goats were bred in South Africa at the beginning of the 20th century. The name translates as a farmer. Animals of this breed are used only for meat, because the milk, which they give only enough to feed the kids.
An adult goat weighs 120-130 kg, but can reach 150 kg of live weight. Goats are a little less - 80-100 kg.Attention! They grow very quickly: at birth, the goatling weighs about 4 kg, and in 3 months - 35 kg.
The color of purebred representatives of the breed is white with a golden-brown head and neck. The coat is short and smooth. The constitution of the Boer goats is stocky and proportionate. Powerful short legs support an equally powerful body. The ears are large, hanging. The horns are almost invisible, they are small, moreover they are directed backwards and pressed to the head. Goats may have not two, but four nipples per udder. You can see all the beauty and harmony of this breed in the photo.
We should also note the calm and friendly nature of these animals. In addition, they are very hardy to drought and heat, less susceptible to various diseases.
The meat of these goats is tender, has a pleasant taste, reminiscent of veal. Very appreciated by gourmets meat of purebred animals of the Boer breed.
What to feed the Boer goat breed
Like all goats, the Boer chews everything, but still prefer leaflets and branches of bush growth. Can eat on sites with very poor vegetation. Thanks to its tranquility, these goats can be grazed with other animals.
It is very good, if there are areas that need to be rid of bush shoots, these animals will perfectly cope with this. Sometimes the Boer goats breed arouse with an aesthetic purpose: the goats please with their appearance and ennoble the area entrusted to them, saving him from overgrowing.
In winter, the main components of the diet will be hay, the additive can serve as vegetables and food waste. These goats eat a good variety of feed and mash. Goats are so unpretentious in food that they can be accustomed to any kind of food.It is important! Clean water in large quantities should always be available for these goats.
Important conditions for keeping these animals are just a few points:
- Maintaining the room temperature for goats above +5 degrees;
- Vaccination of animals, preventive examinations of the veterinarian;
- Ensuring a sufficient amount of clean fresh water;
- Control over the humidity of the room. The indicator should not exceed 80%, and preferably 60-70%. High humidity indoors with animals leads to the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria, increasing the risk of animal disease;
- Provide a warming pad, as the legs are the weak point of the Boer goat;
- Twice a year should be carried out hoof trimming. An animal, spending all winter in a stall, does not have the opportunity to walk on hard ground, thereby grinding growing hoofs. During the winter there are growths that will interfere with walking, also do it before wintering;
- A light day in winter should be at least 8 hours;
- In summer, the Boer goats should be provided with a plot for grazing, if there are valuable and necessary plants, shrubs and low trees nearby, they must be protected from goats.
The breeding process itself is fairly simple, due to the rapid puberty of these goats. The time of puberty is 5 months, but there are some nuances. The goat will better endure the pregnancy if you wait with a mating up to 7 months.
Pregnancy in these animals lasts 5 months, plus a couple of months to recover, again pregnancy. Thus, three lambing occurs in 2 years.
For the first time, one goat is born, in the following rounds - at least two. The offspring of a purebred Boer goat is always strong.
The only problem is that finding a thoroughbred male of the Boer breed in Russia is a difficult and expensive task. If, nevertheless, it was possible, it is possible to cross it with females of the Nubian breed, which also gives good results.
The main breeding of this breed is concentrated in South Africa and the USA.
From birth and up to two weeks, kids are best kept with a goat to ensure adequate milk supply. From two weeks of age, the kid is separated from the mother if they want to get milk for their own consumption. Then begin to feed the baby from the bottle three times a day. In the milk, add carrot juice and a decoction of oats. From one month of age add hay decoction, finely chopped wheat bran. Transfer to two meals. Usually kids themselves begin to eat hay and animal feed, refusing the bottle.
Since this is a meat breed, it brings less milk, so it makes sense to give the goat to suck mom's milk in the amount that he determines himself, without taking him from his mother. If the kid is already big, but continues to suck milk, then a linen sack is put on the udder.
Features breeding Boer breed in Russia
The Boer goat breed produced in Africa is still adapted to the hot arid climate. The harsh Russian winters wait for these goats indoors, and this may affect their growth and weight gain. Therefore, in central Russia, Boer breed animals do not grow as fast as they could.
Boers are not widespread in our country, therefore it is extremely difficult to find them, and the cost amounts to tens of thousands.
For the rest, even under the harsh Russian conditions, the Boer goats grow to their proper sizes. The quality of dietary meat is not inferior to foreign meat.
Pros and cons of breeding
Summing up, I would like to briefly highlight the main advantages and disadvantages of this breed.
- Delicious dietary meat that can be called a delicacy.
- The rapid growth of animals.
- Big weight of an adult animal.
- Unpretentiousness in food.
- Rapid reproduction.
- Lack of aggression.
- Good health.
- It is difficult to find purebred representatives.
- High price.
Elena, 54 years old, Stavropol I was very interested in the Boer breed at the very moment when I had a large farm, 80 percent consisting of goats of various breeds. We found a couple of females and males through their familiar goat dogs. Very beautiful and calm animals. Care is the same as for ordinary goats. Meat really does not have the taste of goat meat, while it is very tender. Now you need to acquire another male to breed further, but the pleasure is not cheap.
An opinion about the Boer breed of an experienced goat breeder can be seen in this video: