A feature of spray roses is that they have several buds on one stem. If we talk about hybrid types of roses, then only one flower appears on their stem. As a result, you will have to cut the roses so that they are beautiful and grow properly. So, you will be able to shape the bush on your own. The right time to start pruning is spring and autumn.
Spring pruning begins with the onset of stable warm weather. We will tell you how to trim a shrub rose. You will see visual photos and videos that will help you in this matter.
Tips for beginners - pruning roses in spring
If you are a beginner gardener, then on this topic you need to stop especially. The fact is that the quality of your pruning will affect the splendor of each rose and their number. Most often, pruning spray roses begins in the spring, after the vegetative period.Attention! It is during this period that the formation of the first shoots and twigs on the bushes of plants occurs.
The peculiarity of trimming plants of a climbing species is not only the removal of excess shoots, but also the formation of the shape of the bushes, before they gain a green mass. For example, some of the branches of bushes may not grow where it should be. In this case, they should be cut, but this should be done until the flower has begun to grow actively. The ideal period is early spring, at which the temperature of the air contributes to the vegetative period, and the green mass is not growing yet. Cutting a clean bush, you not only simplify your task, but do not damage the basic structure of the plant. At best, it will heal for a long time, at worst, a damaged skeleton can cause the death of a spray rose.
It should be noted that pruning rose bushes is not the only thing to be done in spring. Beginners should know that something else is important:
- soil mulching;
- spray rose fertilizer;
- proper care of plants.
Especially pay attention to the preparations that are needed to process flowers from pests. And to give the plant a beautiful shape, tie up the bushes.
Types of pruning rose roses
Before you begin to practice, you should know about the types of pruning. There are 4 variations:
- Low pruning of the bush - the removal of a few centimeters from the ground, from 2 to 4 buds at the base of the plant.
- The average pruning of the bush, in which you need to cut 5 or 7 buds.
- High pruning of the bush, which left a long trunk, and shoots are cut off slightly.
- Combined pruning bush.
All these species are used at certain times and for different purposes. For example, the first species is characteristic for springtime and is used when rooting seedlings, when the flower is too weak or when old seedlings are to be reanimated.
The second type is also characteristic of spring and is used to form early inflorescences and will impart a neat shape to the flower. As for the third type of pruning, it is done in the summer. The challenge is to eliminate the shrunken or withered parts of the plant. The latter method is used by experienced gardeners who achieve roses blooming all year round. Each variety has its own combination of alternation of one or another type of pruning, selected individually.
Tools for work
Suitable garden tools are the key to high-quality pruning. Without the availability of suitable equipment, work simply will not succeed. So, what should have an experienced gardener, before properly trimming bush roses? Here is a list of necessary:
- Quality garden shears. They should be well sharpened. This should be done regularly, since their use is quite frequent.
- Secateurs side cutters, with which you will shorten the shoots and ennoble them.
- Well ground knife. It is important that he had a comfortable grip. With them you will trim the ends.
- For cutting dense shoots that grow on perennial flowers, it is better to use a garden saw. Pruner or scissors can not cope with the task. And with a saw you will succeed.
- Protective paste "Ranet". It is needed in order to protect the fresh cut from infection. Cutting off excess, you need to apply the paste to the surface. For this purpose, you can use and garden var.
- Several pairs of thick gloves. Everyone knows how fierce are bush roses. To protect your hands from spikes, gloves are a must. Ideally use rubber gloves that have extra protection.
When you have stocked everything you need, you can begin to practice. Pruning roses is simple, but requires special attention, accuracy and compliance with instructions. Let's learn how to start work.
Pruning Rose Bush
To start, carefully inspect the bush, if there is any damage on it, dry and unnecessary branches that do not bring either beauty or benefit. If you find such branches, they should be completely removed. The thing is that they are already unsuitable, they will not appear greens and the more beautiful roses. Be sure to wear gloves and cut all unnecessary scissors or a garden saw.
But if we are talking about young shoots and branches, showing active growth, then you need to be especially careful to correctly perform their pruning. It all depends on your goals. For example, if your task is to create a small and neat rose bush, then you need to cut off each main branch to the first top or to the second bud. In the case when you want to create a lush rose bush, on which there is a large number of flowers, then prune the main branches with the inclusion of the first upper bud.
Attention! The main branches are the backbone of the rose bush, its main components. They form the green mass itself and the number of buds. That is why it is worthwhile to choose sustainable and strong shoots in order to obtain a resistant bush that will survive the harmful conditions.
In addition, pay attention to those branches of roses, which are not curled along the plant, but grow in its central part. Many beginning gardeners leave this fact without attention. However, this is not recommended. It all boils down to the fact that by running these branches, you get an ugly rose bush that has lost its shape. The branches will be intertwined, and the buds will become flattened. To avoid this phenomenon, it is recommended to remove all branches growing to the central part. So, you will give the bush the correct form, ideally forming it at the initial stage of the vegetative period. The most productive is the form, the central part of which is missing. Well, if the bush will look like a dome, in which there is no central part.
Tip! Thanks to this form, you will get good moisture permeability when it rains or you start watering the bush.
Speaking of specific sizes, everything is selected individually. Most often make bushes, whose height is small. Usually it is 10 or 30 cm, not more. Bushes turn out neat and beautiful. But, you can not limit yourself and form a crown, which reaches 1 m in height. It's a matter of taste. Small bushes of roses you can make in the front of the house, where everyone sees them. But tall plants are suitable for the back side.
Attention! After pruning, do not forget to protect the cut sites against infection. To do this, lubricate them with a protective paste or garden pitch.
Here are some tips to follow to ensure that your trimming of spray roses is correct:
- Make an even cut with steady movement.
- At the cut should not be present fibrous edges.
- You can not shorten the branch very close to the kidneys. A clearance of 0.5 cm should be left.
- Cut the bushes at an angle.
In more detail how it is possible to perform work correctly, you learn from this video:
Let's sum up
Using roses for the dacha is a great way to decorate it, make it bright and noble. They will delight your eyes all summer, attracting the attention of neighbors. Despite the fact that they need to care for and cut, everyone can do this work without any problems. As you can see from the video, everything happens quickly, so you should not worry. All that is required of you is to strictly follow the instructions and instructions of experienced flower growers. The result will be incomparable. Cut rose bushes will be neat, fresh and have a beautiful shape.