More recently, most of the amateur gardeners and gardeners were not very interested in strawberry varieties for growing in their gardens. The main thing is to have at least some harvest and that the bushes are not particularly capricious in the care and weather conditions. They propagated what was growing in the gardens to them or bought on the market what was offered by local sellers, and were quite pleased with the cultivated. But in recent years, due to the huge number of new varieties bred by breeders, it has become fashionable to get and try all the new items in a row. It is especially difficult to pass by remontant varieties that are capable of several waves of fruiting during the season. And when grown in protected ground from them, and all you can get berries all year round. The most famous among them was the strawberry Albion.
Description and characteristics of the variety
The Albion strawberry variety was obtained quite recently in 2006 at the University of California, USA, as a result of crossing two varieties: Cal 94.16-1 and Diamante. Of course, according to its requirements for the growing conditions of this strawberry, the climate of the United States is more suitable, but in our temperate latitudes it is also quite capable of producing decent yields with proper care.
Shrubs of this variety have a rather powerful appearance with dark green, medium-sized leaves. Peduncles are strong, high enough and do not fall, thus, the flowers themselves with the resulting berries are located on top of the leaves and may not touch the ground at all, which is very convenient for their collection. It also reduces the likelihood of contracting various diseases. Stolons can be observed dense pubescence, which has anthocyanin color.
The Albion strawberry variety is a type of plant of a neutral daylight, which means that its ability to form fruits does not depend on the season and the length of daylight.Attention! In the beds, this variety can bear fruit from May until October or until the first frost.
Over the entire period of growth, strawberries usually produce fruits 3-4 times, although the latter often do not have time to ripen in our climate. But the variety of strawberries Albion is ideal for growing in greenhouses, including industrial.
The appearance of the first fruits can be observed the next year after planting. The yields of this variety are really impressive - because it can be from 0.5 to 2 kg per bush for the whole season. Such large discrepancies in numbers can only indicate that maximum results can be achieved only in almost ideal conditions, and from both an agrotechnical and a climatic point of view. In this case, the highest quality and large crop of berries are usually harvested in August. It is by this time in our conditions that the Albion strawberry is able to unleash its full potential.
Unfortunately, the variety does not have good frost resistance. In any climatic regions of Russia, it is necessary either to grow it in protected ground, or to cover bushes for the winter with the help of straw or agrofibre.
A description of the strawberry variety Albion will be incomplete if you do not touch on its resistance to various infections. Strawberry Albion demonstrates quite good indicators of resistance to late blight and verticillus wilt. Not bad it is opposed to anthracnose. But before the brown and white spotting, the strawberry Albion is completely defenseless - it certainly needs treatment with biofungicides against these diseases.
Characteristics of berries
It is the berries that are the pride of any strawberry, and especially of this variety. What are the characteristics they differ from?
- The berries are quite large in size, although their size is somewhat dependent on the frequency and size of the dressings. It is possible, therefore, that the largest berries are not the most useful. The weight of one berry is on average from 30 to 50 grams.
- Outside the strawberries of this variety are bright red, but inside they have a pink tint.
- The ripening of the berry goes from the top to the stem, and if it is not sufficiently ripe at the base of the sepal, a whitish spot can be observed.
- Strawberry Albion is predominantly cone-shaped berries. The variety has an interesting feature - the fruits from one ovary may well have several different forms: oval, heart-shaped, elongated.
- From insufficient watering among the berries, there can be various deviations, characterized mainly by the presence of voids inside the fruit.
- The taste characteristics of strawberry Albion are beyond praise - the berries are very tasty, sweet and fragrant.
- Due to its high density, the berries of this variety are quite suitable for storage and transportation over long distances.
Growing strawberries Albion: features
For planting bushes seedlings of strawberries Albion is best suited autumn months. If you want to plant Albion strawberries in the spring, then the plants may not have time to settle well and will yield less than expected. But when planting in the fall, next summer, Albion will thank you with a sufficient amount of sweet and large berries. When planting seedlings under each bush a handful of humus is necessarily brought.
The distance between plants should be left about 30-40 cm, with a row spacing equal to 40 cm. This variety forms a moderate number of whiskers, so it is quite easy to track them. On the very first whiskers are formed, as a rule, the most powerful outlets with great potential for fruiting. It is better to leave them rooted on the same bed near the mother bushes.
Since the variety Albion is a valuable and expensive variety, it makes sense to try to root all its sockets. But those that are formed on the subsequent whiskers, it is better to cut and grow on a special separate garden bed - in a rassadnichke. If flower stalks appear on the sockets of the first year, then they should be removed so that the bushes can grow more roots and leaves by the winter and next season. Subject to these conditions, next year will be able to please you with a good harvest.
Watering for this variety is crucial - it should be regular and fairly abundant. That is why the best option for growing strawberries Albion will be a drip irrigation system.
Attention! Although it comes from southern countries, the Albion strawberry disapproves of the heat, so when the temperature rises above + 30 ° C, yields decrease.
In early spring, immediately after the snow melts, it is very important to feed the strawberry bushes with any organic fertilizer. Subsequently, several times it is necessary to feed with the use of complex fertilizers with the content of microelements in chelate form. Especially important for strawberry is the presence of iron chelate in sufficient quantity. If necessary, during the flowering period, foliar feeding of strawberry bushes with fertilizer content of iron can be carried out. The main feeding is also carried out during flowering and during the formation of the first ovaries.
To protect Albion strawberries from a variety of fungal infections, primarily from rot, it is necessary several times to carry out a preventive treatment with a solution of biofungicides: Fitosporin or Glyocladin. The first treatment is carried out after the snow melts, the second - during the flowering period.
A good way to prevent diseases is to spray strawberry bushes Albion with iodine solution. With these goals, 30 drops of iodine are diluted in 10 liters of water.
To preserve moisture and protect strawberry plantations from weeds between the rows, it is desirable to mulch a layer of straw or hay. The use of black film is not always rational, as it can trigger outbreaks of fungal diseases.
It should be understood that in the climatic conditions of Russia, it is possible to get 1-2 kg of berries from the Albion shrub only when it is grown in greenhouse conditions or in film tunnels. In the conditions of open ground, the real yield is likely to be 500-800 grams from one bush per season.
Reviews gardeners and gardeners
The gardener's reviews of strawberry varieties of Albion are mostly positive, everyone recognizes its good yield and real sweetness of the berries.Elena, 52 years old, Mozhaisk. My children and grandchildren adore strawberries, and so they wanted to grow up their own fruit, for joy, not to buy more and have an ecologically clean delicacy. I saw an advertisement for the Albion variety and decided to try growing it. In the autumn, 10 saplings of this variety were found. Planted for the winter she covered with coniferous branches and leaves from fruit trees. Well, that winter was not particularly frosty. They overwhelmed well, and at the end of May they surprised me with the first berries. I think there were quite a lot of them. Everyone liked the taste of berries - they were really sweet. Of course, I fed them with herbal infusion twice, I water regularly. Now they are actively blooming again, and we are waiting for a new crop. Just in case I want to collect seeds from them in order to preserve the variety, if they suddenly freeze in the winter.
Larisa, 60 years old, Orenburg For many years I have grown ordinary garden strawberries of the type Mashenka at my dacha. It is also sometimes called strawberries. I was quite pleased with it, we ate plenty, and made various preparations for the winter. But once I saw that strawberries were being sold on the market in the fall. I wondered how this could be. I was told about the repair strawberries that it can bear fruit several times over the summer until the very frost. This variety was called Albion. I remembered and decided to get a few seedlings on trial. Planted in the winter. They wintered well, covered them with lutrasil. At the end of spring, we tried the first berries, and in July-August we had a quite good harvest for five bushes. Now I’ll multiply it, because it’s very nice when you can eat fresh strawberries all summer long and even autumn.
Strawberry Albion, undoubtedly, deserves to live on your plot if you want to feast on the sweet berries all the warm season.
Of course, it is quite demanding of conditions, but if you wish, you can always achieve a good harvest.