Euphorbia is a tropical plant. They used to grow only in Africa and Madagascar. But nature is constantly evolving, so the plants settled around the world, having managed to adapt to any climate and soil. Currently, scientists have counted more than 200 species of euphorbia. Why exactly milk plants are called plants? It's all about the white poisonous juice, like milk.
Plants are tall, like trees, reaching a height of more than 20 meters. There are among them shrubs and grasses. Some euphorbia have a decorative appearance, they are grown as flowers. Among the plants a lot of weeds, flooded gardens and orchards. How to get rid of milkweed in the garden, and will be discussed further.
There are many species and varieties of euphorbia. Some of them look decorative and are specially grown to decorate the site. Euphorbia garden refers to the malicious weeds with which to fight. But for the struggle to be effective and give a positive result, you need to know who the opponent is.
Weed spurge grows to a few meters. It has a thick, fleshy stem and large leaves with sharp spines. Leaf shape - a triangle. In the stems and leaves a large amount of juice. Adult weed covers an area of 40 cm in diameter.
The root system is branched, powerful, the roots firmly hold the ground. The central root goes to great depths. Therefore, the plant is not afraid of drought: the roots can always get water. Euphorbia weed you see in the photo. There are few brave souls to pull out the thorn with their bare hands.
In the heat of the plant with a lack of moisture wilts, thereby reducing the area of evaporation. Under favorable conditions, it can quickly flood large areas. And successfully in any soil grows. Even in the swamp and rocks you can find this plant.
Propagated by seeds ripening in large quantities and side shoots growing from lateral roots. Therefore, getting rid of milkweed weed is not so easy. In addition, when you simply cut the plant without removing the root, new shoots appear. In place of one plant grows a whole bush of weeds.
Flowering in a garden weed begins in July and lasts until August. Monoecious flowers, around them a cup, resembling a veil. In the inflorescence, one flower is female and ten are male. The plant has an interesting trioreshka fruit with three blades.Attention! The worst enemy of the gardeners - euphorbia vine.
This plant has small leaves with a thick wax coating. To be able to determine the weed, the photo attached.
Some villagers feed this weed to pets. In its raw form, it is very dangerous. If caught in hay, then there is nothing terrible, because the juice dries.
How to get rid of milkweed
The real reality is that euphorbia can be found both in the wild and in garden gardens anywhere in the world. It's all about his vitality and ability to adapt. He is not afraid of any heat or frost. That is why the plant is called the scourge of agriculture.
In recent decades, the thickets of this weed plant has increased even because the area of agricultural crops has decreased: most of the fields turned into virgin soil: they are not plowed up, not treated.
Euphorbia garden - a malicious weed, disposal of which is too difficult. And it must be destroyed without fail. Having settled on the land plot of a summer resident or on a farmer's field, the plant begins to make habitable territory, capturing it like a real aggressor.
Active growth of a garden weed begins, which photo is lower, earlier than other plants. His growth kidney is growing rapidly. When a gardener digs up beds and fertilizes, he feeds not only cultivated plants, but also weeds, including spurge.
Whatever agrotechnical methods you use, you will not remove a weed if there are seeds in the ground.Comment! The seed material of the milkweed weed, as well as the roots, can “stand still” in the ground for several years, if there were no conditions for their germination.
Ways of dealing with euphorbia
How to deal with malignant plants, for example, in a potato field or at the dacha? After all, it can drown out potatoes and any vegetables with its numerous shoots and shoots, deprive of food and water. With a strong growth forms a green carpet. There are various ways to destroy euphorbia weed:
- mechanical or agrotechnical;
- use of herbicides.
But you need to harbor illusions and hope that you get rid of him forever. As a rule, a "truce" with him does not last long. After all, plant seeds can get to the area with shoes, with animals.Comment! Seeds, while in the stomach of herbivores, do not lose their vitality.
It is necessary to start fighting with euphorbia in the early spring, when buds only wake up on a plant. A young plant, until the root has gone to a great depth, it is tedious to remove from the root, this concerns not only milkweed. If you leave a small piece of the root in the garden, the spurge will start growing again.Tip! You need to get rid of the weed in gloves so as not to stab your hands and not to get dirty with the milky juice.
You can dig up a weed with a shovel, prying the root in the ground as low as possible. But it is useless to mow it, because there are scions on the side roots that do not give euphorbia to wither.Important! When the above-ground part of the weed is destroyed, the root system begins to grow vigorously to restore vitality.
If thickets of milkweed of the garden occupied a large area, then it is impossible to do without the use of chemistry. Herbicides in the garden are used after mechanical impact on the weed and digging the site. There are a large number of herbicides that destroy weeds thoroughly. These are the so-called drugs of continuous action:
A warning! Such chemicals remove spurge from the garden plot, but it is advisable not to use the land in the year of treatment.
Potent herbicides can be used on the steam section several times over the summer. It really works.
There are also specially designed tools that destroy it euphorbia. You can even use on plantings with cultivated plants, including potatoes:
- Lapis lazuli;
If the number of malicious weeds in the garden plot is insignificant, and you managed to snatch young plants before flowering, then the use of potent herbicides is not necessary.
In the overgrown thickets of the plot, which is left under the pair, you can water the spurge with an increased dose of drugs. So, you can clear the ground from weeds.Attention! After the destruction of milkweed, it is desirable to sow siderata plants, such as mustard, vetch, and lupine, to restore the soil.
When spraying any herbicides, you need to take care of your own safety:
- work needs to be performed in dry windless weather;
- protect skin with tight clothing;
- on the face should be a mask or respirator;
- at the end of treatment, all clothes should be removed and all the exposed areas of the body should be washed thoroughly with soap
- if the composition gets into the eyes, they are washed with water and seek medical attention.
To destroy a weed euphorbia through various means is half the battle. The main thing is to fix the result. This will help to mulch the soil with organic or inorganic agents.
The dug and processed site is covered with a thick layer of sawdust, wood chips, shavings, and humus. Excellent helps shelter with ruberoid, dark film (spunbond). The temperature under the shelter is high, the roots of the plant die, and the sprouts cannot break through.
No weeds, no chemicals:
Instead of a conclusion about the benefits of milkweed
Euphorbia is not only a green pest in gardens and gardens, it also has beneficial properties.
For example, bassweed (see photo) repels mice, rats, cockroaches and bedbugs. He was still hung by our grandmothers in the house.
Parts of the plant, the milky juice was widely used by our ancestors for the treatment of various diseases, including oncology, skin inflammation, gynecology and others. Old recipes have been preserved, but we would like people to remember: spurge garden and its other species (even ornamental, indoor and garden) poisonous plants.A warning! Self-medication can have serious consequences, because at home the correct dosage is impossible.